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Most people have heard of trade unions, especially when they appear in the news in connection with teachers’ strikes and such matters, but quite often people do not fully understand the purpose of a trade union, who they represent, and the possible benefits of belonging to a trade union. Do you have to join a trade union? Will you be penalised by your employer if you do? How can a trade union help you? This article seeks to address some of these questions and takes a brief look into the overall role of trade unions.
A trade union is a membership organisation that seeks to help and protect its members in the working environment. Although trade union representatives try to establish and maintain good working relationships with employers – and indeed between their members and those members’ employers – most trade unions are independent of any specific employer.
A trade union will seek to help its members in a whole manner of situations. They may negotiate favourable pay and working conditions for their members and discuss and advice on any big changes taking place in the working environment (such as mass redundancy). They will also talk over with their members any concerns they may have about their working environment and help them to find a solution, accompany them in disciplinary matters and at employment tribunals and provide them with legal and financial advice where needed.
Trade unions may also provide protection and representation for their members outside of the workplace. For example, they may try and place pressure on the government or public bodies to make changes which will benefit their members or may seek to promote their members’ rights and objectives in other ways.
By law, an employer cannot penalise an employee for deciding to join a trade union, deciding not to join a trade union, or deciding to leave a union of which they were previously a member. The decision is entirely up to the employee and they must not be made to feel any pressure about their decision by their employer.
In conclusion, many workers join a trade union because they believe they will be able to negotiate better pay and terms and conditions, they will have access to training for new skills, they feel confident that they will have somebody to turn to – who has their best interests in mind – who will be able to help them with any problems at work. They are also attracted by the prospect of lifelong legal and financial advice that will be made available to them. If you are interested in a joining a trade union you should look for information in your work handbook or contact the TUC for details of your local union.
Copyright (c) 2011 Robert Gray
There is always a demand for the banking job or investment-banking job. The reason is that investment banking is the most money making job. However, it takes time plus dedication to succeed. You must start with the entry-level job in banks.
Outline of the banking job positions:
Investment banking job is not the only banking position and there are various types in banking jobs. A bank teller occupies 67% of the banking positions. Understanding the job responsibility is the first step to succeed. Other job positions in the banks are:
Bank manager: The manager is the main person who operates the entire working of the bank. You as a manager must supervise the banks daily operations and must find out whether the employees are working as scheduled.
Financial advisors: As a financial advisor, you must recommend and give suggestions to the clients. This job is so important bearing great responsibility.
Accountants: If you have a good skill in accounts and if you are well qualified, you can go for this position. This job position is very important because the work performed by an accountant or by a group of accountants will be showed to the tax authorities, investors etc to fix the financial status of the bank.
Tips for success in banking job:
Banking career is one of the most anticipating fields. To succeed in this sector you must remember few factors as indicated below:
You must always be aware of the latest happenings in the business world. If you are aware of it then you will be able to increase revenue for your clients and bank. You are responsible to make sure that your customers are making a smart investment.
Fixing the fees:
As you are an investment banker, you must do some enquiry before deciding your fee. You must be sure that you get a good amount when compared with what you have invested in first place.
Networking in banks:
Like other fields, banking career also has become linked with networking. To recognize the related professionals, to attend the meetings or gatherings, anything is possible through networking.
Dedication towards your profession:
Without dedication, you cannot succeed in any fields. This is true particularly in banking jobs. You must devote all your time towards the bank service and to your clients. If you are working for investment banking, you possess additional responsibility because people enquire you about the means to spend their money.
What does it take to become an online entrepreneur you ask? It is not always easy. It takes a serious, burning desire to become an entrepreneur.
I am not kidding either. You need to want this more than anything else. (There are a couple of exceptions to this, but not very many.) >
You need to be willing to focus on the end result, which should be, becoming an online entrepreneur. Will you do whatever needs to be done to accomplish your immediate goal?
To become an internet entrepreneur you must have the ability to ignore all the outside negative words and influences of family and so called friends which are said, not meaning to hurt you, but to in their eyes, keep you from making a fool of yourself or them.
Realize also that most likely, you will have some failures and that these failures will only help you learn.
Becoming an Online entrepreneur also requires the ability to accept that you will probably will be doing the same thing over and over again. After all, that is basically what you will be doing, having financial success doing a certain technique, then repeating it.
Let’s not forget organization and the ability to manage your time. If you are organized, you are more likely to know where everything is, which will in turn, give you more time to work. Time management most likely means that you will have written out a schedule as to when to do everything required for a internet entrepreneur thus saving you even more time.
Becoming an online entrepreneur may sound difficult, but the reward for your stick to it attitude will be more then you could ever imagine. I am very excited to offer you the ability to join me, so read my resource box because it will be worth it.
My name is Samantha Livingston and I am an active member of the millionaire society. Come and join me on my journey to becoming a millionaire online. Just follow me to see how, I guarantee you’ll will be amazed at www.whatismillionairesociety.com
Kimco Realty Corp. (Kimco) announced the launch of another small business through the Kimco Entrepreneurs Year Start (KEYS) program – Carlsbad’s Build-It-Workshops held its grand opening on Friday.
KEYS is a small business incubator program developed by Kimko.
As of Dec. 31, 2012, Kimco owned interests in 896 shopping centers comprising 131 million square feet of leasable space across 44 states, Puerto Rico, Canada, Mexico, and South America. KEYS launched in California, where Kimco owns over 110 shopping centers consisting of over 3,200 stores and 19.3 million square feet of leasable space.
The company says that it is actively seeking startup entrepreneurs and first-time business owners to apply to the program, which currently has over a hundred small shops (2,500 square feet and under) available for KEYS participants, including many pre-built restaurant spaces.
KEYS will place qualified applicants into Kimco shopping centers with one year of free rent and additional benefits such as affordable property charges to minimize initial overhead; access to personal Kimco retail business counselors; a flexible four-year lease option after the first year; as well as access to shop space in established retail centers. In addition, Kimco says that it will provide operational and financial support through the critical startup incubation years to better ensure the success of these first-time business owners.
Kimco has developed relationships with established educational organizations such as SCORE, the California Small Business Development Center, Kauffman FastTrac, and others that offer business resources and networking support.
The KEYS program seeks entrepreneurs who plan to open their first store, restaurant, or other concept (but not franchise companies), who have adequate funding for the venture, a written Business Plan with detailed business goals and who have the ability to articulate their plan for success in an interview. A certificate, endorsement, or letter of completion verifying entrepreneurial classes completed from an SBA sponsored business association, college, university or appropriate training organization is encouraged, but not required.
Unit Trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies Collective Investments
Unit trusts and Open Ended Investment Companies (OEICs) are types of collective investments. In a collective investment, each individual investment is pooled with every other individual investment and then invested as a whole by the manager of the investment.
Different unit trust and OEIC funds invest in different asset classes – shares, bonds, cash and property. Some funds focus on just one asset class, while others invest in two or more. Irrespective of the asset class or classes they invest in, most fund managers will hold a wide spread of investments in their chosen asset class. That is one of the reasons why unit trusts and OEICs are popular with investors spreading investments across a range of businesses can help reduce a funds volatility and the risks for its investors.
Although unit trusts and OEICs are both open-ended investments, where the size of the fund varies according to market supply and demand, there are a number of key differences between the two types of funds.
Investors in unit trusts buy and sell a portion of the total fund in the form of units. The price unit holders initially pay for units (the bid price) is higher than the price they can sell the units for (the offer price): the difference between the two prices is known as the spread. In order for unit holders to make a return on their investment, the closing bid price must always be higher than the opening offer price. An OEIC fund on the other hand, does not trade in units but issues shares to its investors and is therefore an investment company – a less complex entity than a unit trust. Shares in an OEIC have a single price, which is determined by the value of the fund’s underlying investments. All shares in an OEIC are bought and sold at one single price, so theres no bid/offer spread to take into account.
The value of an investment in a unit trust or OEIC will vary according to the total value of the fund, which is determined by the performance of the investments the fund manager makes. Unit trusts and OEICs usually impose an up-front charge and annual management fees, some of which are declared as a percentage of the investment, while others are built into the price.
I frequently hear clients say they were told to not pay their mortgage for 3 months so they can apply for a mortgage modification. Then, after submitting all of the paperwork, the modification is denied. Or, they’re just put into a trial period, the whole while believing that their mortgage is modified. Then they really are surprised to be served by the Sheriff with foreclosure documents. They really are rightfully scared, confused and hopeless. They wouldn’t have asked to get a modification if they could afford their mortgage in the first place and now the bank is telling them to pay a minimum of those three months that was not paid so they can apply for a modification or be faced with the prospect of losing their home.
Sometimes, rather then endlessly arguing with the bank, homeowners benefit from meeting with a lawyer knowledgeable about the mortgage modification process or an experienced bankrutpcy lawyer. Many people asked for help with a mortgage modification from their bank hoping to avoid filing for bankruptcy. Some people think that when they file for bankruptcy, they will be forced to sell or lose their home. This is usually not the case. Filing for bankruptcy can sometimes be the only real choice to save your home. In order to learn if bankruptcy may help you, you may want to consult with a local bankruptcy lawyer. If you’re considering filing for bankruptcy in order to protect your home, please don’t wait until the sale date is scheduled. The bank might have dragged their feet with respect to your modification, but time is essential and the earlier you speak with a bankruptcy lawyer, the more options could possibly be available to save your home.
A chapter 13 bankruptcy is the primary chapter of bankruptcy used to stop a mortgage foreclosure. There are very few requirements to qualify to file for a chapter 13 bankruptcy. A chapter 13 bankruptcy will allow you to pay off your past due mortgage amounts over a time period as opposed to right away, like the bank wants.
Only a licensed attorney can provide a homeowner legal advise regarding their situation. There are many ways to locate a qualified lawyer. For example The National Association of Consumer Bankruptcy Attorneys is often a helpful resource in helping distressed homeowners find a qualified lawyer who’s experienced in both mortgage modification issues and the advantages of filing for bankrutpcy protection as it relates to stopping foreclosure proceedings.
Jane L. Weatherly, Attorney at Law, PLLC is a bankruptcy law firm located in Raleigh, Wake County, North Carolina, The firm is a debt relief agency and assists consumers file for protection under the United States Bankruptcy Code. For more information, please call (919)758-9296 or visit .
When we talk of management education, we are basically referring to shaping up the students, aimed towards developing their competency and capability either as a manager fit to join an organization and help it to grow or as entrepreneur, to establish and grow ones own business. This capability does not come from possessing a management diploma or degree, but also requires developing in the students the will and skill to contribute for self sustenance and nation building. Presently it is seen, that there is a wide gap existing between the type of management education imparted in MBA colleges and what is there in real life management in business organizations. In order to make management education more realistic and useful for the industry, certain key areas need to be identified. These could be:-
(a)Benchmarking quality management education to create an enduring quality managers and entrepreneurs.
(b)Bring in professionalism in management education.
(c)Adequacy of qualified and competent faculty members, proper infrastructure, support facilities and regular updating of curriculum.
Benchmarking Quality Management Education
Benchmarking with the top management colleges inspires an institute to produce quality managers. Management education needs to include knowledge, skills and abilities (KSA) that are needed today and that will be needed tomorrow by the industry. The mission of management education should be to become innovative and creative. The objectives of benchmarking should be to:-
Make own students employable in industry.
Moving the institute from academic mode to corporate mode. To achieve these objectives the agenda should be:- (a) To identify the industry expectations of the skill sets required of students. (b)To identify the areas of Total Quality Management (TQM) in management education. (c) To identify the changes required in teachers imparting management education.
Professionalism in MBA/PGDM Education
There are many reasons for the wide differences in the quality of management education in different institutes in India. The main reason is the absence of a body that can ensure that the standards set are practiced and retained by all management institutes, like AACSB in USA. We do have an apex body the All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE), that is responsible for setting the basic framework, guidelines and standards for quality of business education, there are however many problems when it comes implementation of these standard by MBA colleges and institutes and these problems undermine the effectiveness of these standards. In order install quality in management education in India, the AICTE and MBA colleges / universities in the country should focus on the following issues:-
Quality of faculty.
Accountability of management institutes.
Values and ethics.
Role of professional bodies (AIMA, ISTD, etc).
Climate modification is a multi-faceted and complex subject. In this article, we take a look at the relationship between climate modification and volcanoes.
Climate Modification and Volcanoes
The climate modification debate is a nasty one. Parties pick their positions, dig in and refuse to listen to the rants of the other side. Lost in the yelling is the simple fact that climate modification is a natural phenomenon to some extent. For proof, we need merely look at the materials kicked out by volcanoes.
It is an undeniable fact of the earth record that volcanoes have changed the climate during certain periods. Small explosions don’t have much impact, but large explosions send massive amounts of material and gases into the atmosphere. The gases include carbon dioxide, the ultimate bugaboo greenhouse gas. Beyond these gases, however, volcanoes can kick out so much debris and ash that the material in the atmosphere can actually block out the sun or reduce the warming effect.
Mount St. Helens is the most studied and well known recent eruption. Unless you have been meditating in a cave for the last 20 years, you know that the volcano exploded on May 18, 1980. The eruption was powerful enough to flatten everything for 17 miles, immediately turning 10 million trees into so much firewood. The huge volcanic ash cloud stretched halfway across the United States, but barely had an impact on global temperatures.
In contrast, the eruption of the El Chichon volcano in 1982 had a measurable climate impact. El Chichon is located in Mexico and was a much smaller eruption than Mount St. Helens. Still, the average temperature around the globe cooled by one degree. What scientist learned is the climate modification impact of volcanoes is highly dependent on the type of explosion. The materials from Mount St. Helens fell out of the atmosphere quickly, while El Chichon belched enormous amounts of sulfur that remained in the atmosphere for much longer.
One of the problems with climate modification is it occurs over a relatively long period of time. Since we started paying attention to the situation, we have not had a chance to see the impact of a major eruption. The stuff we see on television is really small potatoes compared to historically eruptions of note. For example, Mount St. Helens threw roughly a half a cubic mile of material into the air. In 1815, a volcano in Indonesia belched 24 cubic miles of material into the atmosphere. Obviously, one has to imagine it impacted the climate of the earth.
Is there a relationship between climate modification and volcanoes? Undoubtedly. From what we see, however, the relationship is generally of a short duration and not an explanation for the rising temperatures we are seeing currently.
Rick Chapo is with SolarCompanies.com, a directory of solar energy companies. Visit us to read more articles on solar power and global warming and volcanoes.
The first Subway franchise was born in 1974 even though founder Fred DeLuca opened his first store 9 years earlier. Today there are currently over 29,000 Subway franchises spanning the globe in over 85 countries. Entrepreneur magazine has ranked Subway the number one franchise 13 out of the last 17 years, so its a rock-solid franchise.
Even with its amazing popularity and tremendous track record, the real question is deciding whether or not owning a Subway franchise is the right choice for you and your family. There’s a ton of things you should consider when making this big of a choice, so let’s identify what the positives and negatives are.
First of all, the total cost of entry and the total investment to get started ranges anywhere from $101,000 to $285,000. The reason for the big discrepancy depends on whether you’re buying an existing franchise or you’re having to build one or start one from the ground up. Other costs may include remodeling, leasing equipment, inventory, etc. Typically, the down payment that’s required must come from your personal liquid assets and can NOT be borrowed or come from a loan. That fact right there might eliminate some potential franchise owners.
Every Subway franchise pays a royalty fee to the company, specifically 8% of their overall gross sales. This is very important to understand because losing 8% right off the top before you pay for any rent, equipment, inventory, marketing, employees, etc can make a difference in whether or not you’re profitable. On the other hand, in exchange for the royalties the franchisee’s are rewarded with a strong brand recognition and national advertising campaigns.
As far as sales are concerned, 2800 sandwiches and salads are sold every 60 seconds. This provides a pretty constant flow of customers and expected sales. Potential franchise owners feel comfortable with this knowing that their stores most likely will not be empty. Besides, people have to eat somewhere, right?
On the flip side, you are at the mercy of your store location when owning a Subway franchise. No matter if you are open 24 hours, a location can only serve so many customers and can only make so much money. Obviously the product can not be sold online or in other areas, so actually getting traffic to the store is the only way to make sales. In this regard, the Subway franchise is NOT scalable. An entrepreneur would probably have to own multiple locations to really generate the kind of income they would be looking for in owning a franchise.
Furthermore, to buy a franchise, you must have good credit, have considerable net worth and you have to be approved by the company. Once again, this could potentially eliminate more prospective franchise buyers. In the end, owning a Subway franchise is a solid way to have a great chance of success but keep in mind that to really make it big, you’ll probably have to own about 10 or more.
People are always looking for some new investment sector as per their risk appetite. Yeah many times wrong investment can burn all hard work into ash. So, after having a big recession and still Europe economic crisis on the go one always look for safe investment. In last decade one sector has outperformed in an all recession and it is wine investment and fine wine investment.
Before doing any investment there is certain thing which is very important to take care to be safe and secure. One must have to identify some risk factors and all. So first step is to decide on which sector you want to invest then how much amount, and would you like e o one amount or you want systematic investment plan.
Timing of investment is also plays a big role in high return on investment. The most important point is that when you are investing, the time is very important; its totally depending upon current market condition. If you have analysis of market condition you would opt for wine investment. Look at the statistics for wine investment In UK, before a decade, fine wine portfolio was around 10000 and after decade it is almost 50000.
Wine investment will not have adverse effect if any economic crisis happens globally. As we can see in last recession wine investment standout and gave high return. So one can easily say wine investment can give return even in recession. In last 10 years wine investment has given 900% return which is really impressive and attractive.
Cult wines Ltd is the leader where you can get the rarest wines at very competitive rate and if anyone wants to go to the most safe and secure investment than will preference go to the Cult Wines Ltd also Cult Wines Ltd provides solutions for sourcing, investing, storing, selling and consuming Fine Wine of any kind to the investors or for any type of businessman. Cult Wines Ltd provides the fined tuned portfolio mainly designed for high capital growth and accounts and regulated mostly at warehouses. Cult Wines Ltd mainly deals with active foreign and domestic holdings and if any beginner wants to invest in the market than no safe investment except in wines and Cult Wines Ltd where you will get higher returns on investments and also provides the portfolio management services.
So far by this information I hope one can easily take decision for wine investment and Cult wines ltd can help you to build right wine portfolio.